Structured Objects: Modeling and Reasoning

Diego Calvanese, Giuseppe De Giacomo, and Maurizio Lenzerini

Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases (DOOD 1995). Number 1013 in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 1995.

One distinctive characteristic of object-oriented data models over traditional database systems is that they provide more expressive power in schema definition. Nevertheless, the defining power of object-oriented models is still somewhat limited, mainly because it is commonly accepted that part of the semantics of the application can be represented within methods. The research work reported in this paper explores the possibility of enhancing the power of object-oriented data models in schema definition, thus offering more possibilities to reason about the intension of the database and better supporting data management. We demonstrate our approach by presenting a new data model, called CVL, that extends the usual object-oriented data models with several aspects, including view definition, recursive structure modeling, navigation of the schema through forward and backward traversal of links (attributes and relations), subsetting of attributes, and cardinality ratio constraints on links. CVL is equipped with sound, complete, and terminating inference procedures, that allow various forms of reasoning to be carried out on the intensional level of the database.

   title = "Structured Objects:  Modeling and Reasoning",
   year = "1995",
   author = "Diego Calvanese and De Giacomo, Giuseppe and Maurizio
   booktitle = "Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented
Databases (DOOD 1995)",
   pages = "229--246",
   number = "1013",
   publisher = "Springer",
   series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science",
   doi = "10.1007/3-540-60608-4_43",
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